Employer Contributions to Commuting Costs in Belgium

Last updated: 26 March 2024


For many employees in Belgium, the daily commute to work is a significant expense, and understanding how employer contributions help offset commuting costs is essential to both employees and businesses. Belgian employers often provide commuting benefits, a practice that not only enhances employee satisfaction but also adheres to relevant laws and regulations. In this article, we will explore the various aspects of Belgium's employer commuting contributions, commute expense policies, and the impact of these practices on employee benefits and workplace culture.


Understanding Belgian Commuting Cost:  Compensation Culture


The commuting compensation culture in Belgium is an integral aspect of the workplace environment and employee satisfaction. Both domestic and international employees need to understand these practices and how they are integrated into the broader Belgian workplace culture. With a variety of transport cost compensation programs available, employees can enjoy numerous benefits while commuting to and from work.

In Belgium, the compensation for commuting expenses includes both public and private transport options, fostering a workplace culture that promotes flexibility, convenience, and inclusivity. As a result, employers and employees alike value the importance of accommodating diverse commuting needs.


Flexible working hours

In many companies, employees are allowed to adjust their working hours to align with their preferred transportation schedules. This practice helps reduce strain on public transportation systems during peak hours and contributes to improved work-life balance for employees.

Environmentally conscious transport choices


Employees are encouraged to use eco-friendly commuting options, such as cycling or carpooling, which further contribute to fostering a sustainable and eco-conscious workplace culture.


Financial incentives for public transport use


Several Belgian companies offer reimbursements or subsidies for public transport costs, making it more attractive for employees to use this mode of transportation for their daily commute.


International employees who relocate to Belgium quickly adapt to the country's workplace culture, which places a strong emphasis on employee commuter benefits. These unique practices not only demonstrate Belgium's commitment to employee well-being but also act as a benchmark for other countries to integrate similar strategies in their workplace cultures.


Transportation Type

Common Employee Benefits in Belgium

Public Transport

Employer-supported monthly passes, flexible working hours, reimbursements for transport costs

Private Transport

Parking spaces, carpooling incentives, company-provided cars, or car allowances


Bicycle storage facilities, financial incentives for bike purchases, participation in bike-sharing programs


working in Brussels


The Legal Framework Governing Commuting Reimbursements in Belgium


In Belgium, the legal framework governing commuting reimbursements is based on Belgian employment law.


The Role of Belgian Employment Law in Commuting Expense Coverage


Belgian employment law mandates certain obligations, including the coverage of commuting expenses for employees. It outlines the specifics of employer obligations and the rights employees possess when it comes to receiving commuting expense coverage. Understanding these legal requirements is crucial for organizations in Belgium, as not abiding by them can lead to penalties and legal challenges.

The primary legislation about employee commuting expenses is the Social Discussions Act and the National Collective Bargaining Agreement No. 19octies, which establishes a general framework for commuting reimbursements and employer contributions.


Mandatory vs. Voluntary Employer Contributions: What’s Required?


Employer contributions to commuting costs in Belgium can be divided into two categories: mandatory and voluntary benefits. The mandatory contributions are the reimbursements required by Belgian employment law, while voluntary benefits are those offered at the employer's discretion beyond the legal obligations.

  1. Mandatory Contributions: Employers in Belgium are legally obligated to cover a certain percentage of the employee's commuting costs when using public transportation. These mandatory contributions apply to both full-time and part-time employees. The reimbursement rates are determined based on the distance traveled and the mode of transportation used, with a minimum requirement of 75% coverage by the employer.

  2. Voluntary Contributions: In addition to the mandatory coverage required by law, employers may opt to provide additional, voluntary commuting benefits. Examples include bicycle purchase subsidies, financial incentives for carpooling or using eco-friendly vehicles, and even offering fully employer-funded vehicles for commuting purposes.

It is important to note that voluntary benefits, although not required by law, can be an effective means for companies to enhance employee satisfaction and retention.

It is important to note that voluntary benefits, although not required by law, can be an effective means for companies to enhance employee satisfaction and retention.


Commuter benefits in Belgium


How Belgian Companies Structure Commuter Benefit Programs


In Belgium, companies have a variety of options when it comes to structuring commuter benefit programs for their employees. These programs are designed to help employees meet their transportation needs while also adhering to legal requirements. Key features of these programs include travel passes, carpooling incentives, and employer-provided transport options.

There has been a significant change in the reimbursement policy for public transport, including tram, metro, and bus services. Unlike the previous requirement of a minimum distance of 5 kilometers, employers are now mandated to provide reimbursement from the first kilometer traveled.


Public Transport Pass Subsidies


One common way of providing workplace commuting benefits is by offering public transport pass subsidies. Companies can contribute to their employees' monthly travel passes, helping to reduce their commuting costs. This approach is not only cost-effective but also encourages the use of public transportation, contributing to environmental sustainability.

In the absence of agreements at the sector or company level, the reimbursement policies are governed by the NAR collective labor agreement (CAO) No. 19 octies.

The calculation methodology varies based on whether a single or multiple tickets are issued.

  1. Single Ticket for the Entire Distance:

    • Employers are required to contribute an amount equivalent to an average of 75% of the price of a train ticket, as determined by a predetermined table of fixed amounts.
    • It is essential to highlight that the transport ticket does not distinguish between the different modes of public transport used.

  2. Multiple Transport Tickets:

    • In cases where multiple transport tickets are issued, the employer's reimbursement is determined by aggregating the contributions calculated separately for the entire distance.
    • It's crucial to note that this calculation is based on an average of 75% of the price of a train ticket.

Carpooling Incentives 


A clear differentiation needs to be established between employer-organized collective transport and carpooling. Carpooling, while a type of collective transport, is initiated and coordinated by a group of employees, thus categorizing it as a form of private transport.

Belgian companies can encourage their employees to share rides to reduce traffic congestion, carbon emissions, and personal transportation costs. These incentives can include priority parking spaces for carpoolers, financial rewards, and various forms of recognition and support.


Employer-provided Transport 


In some cases, companies might opt for providing employer-provided transport options, such as shuttle services or company vehicles for employees to use during their commute. This approach can help employers control costs while ensuring a convenient and timely commute for workers.

To establish a successful commuter benefit program, Belgian companies need to consider their specific contexts, their workforce's commuting patterns, and legal requirements. By offering tailored programs, companies can not only comply with regulations but also contribute to workforce satisfaction and overall employee well-being.


Transport by bicycle


A payment per kilometer may be provided for commuting by bicycle from home to the workplace. This allowance is optional and is applicable solely for the effective use of the bicycle. The current reimbursement rate is €0.24 per kilometer for a round trip (amount as of 2020).


Transport by private means (Personal Vehicles)


When an employee opts for their car for business-related travel, the employer can offer reimbursement for the incurred expenses.

There are two methods for reimbursement:

  • The employee submits evidence of the precise amount.
  • The employee utilizes a predetermined fixed amount set by the government.


The Belgian approach to employee commuting stands as a model of legal compliance, sustainability, and employee well-being. Recognizing commuting as a substantial expense, employers prioritize flexibility and inclusivity in their compensation culture. Legal foundations, such as the Social Discussions Act, guide mandatory employer contributions, while voluntary benefits, exceeding legal mandates, underscore a commitment to employee satisfaction.




Q: What are the main types of employer commuting contributions in Belgium?

A: Employers in Belgium typically contribute to their employees' commuting costs through schemes such as public transportation subsidies, carpooling incentives, and other transport options like company-sponsored bicycles or shuttle services.


Q: Are employer contributions to commuting costs required by law in Belgium?


A: Some employer contributions to commuting costs are legally mandated in Belgium, particularly for public transport. However, there are also voluntary employer contributions, such as carpooling incentives and eco-friendly commuting programs, that employers can choose to offer to employees.


Q: How do employers in Belgium participate in promoting sustainable commuting practices?


A: Employers in Belgium can support sustainable commuting practices by offering eco-friendly commuting incentives, such as supporting employees in using public transport, providing company-sponsored bicycles, or encouraging carpooling. They can also participate in green policies and initiatives to reduce their carbon footprint and promote a more environmentally friendly corporate culture.


Learn more on how to calculate commuter benefits in Belgium 


To learn more updates about Belgium or European employment law, contact one of our industry experts through HR outsourcing


Disclaimer:  We make every effort to offer precise and up-to-date information; however, it's important to acknowledge that HR policies and regulations may undergo frequent changes. We strongly advise consulting with our HR consultants to verify the current and accurate nature of the data presented here



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